Rousseau And The Artists Of Th


Jean-Jacques Rousseau, (1712-1778) was a French social philosopher and writer. His book Du Contrat Social, ou Principes du droit politique (Social Contract) published in 1762, emphasised the rights of the people over the government and was a significant influence on the French Revolution . Rousseau believed that people were not social beings by nature. He stated that ‘Society corrupts individuals by bringing out their inclination toward aggression and selfishness’ . Fundamental to Rousseau’s beliefs for the utopia of society was for each individual to believe in the same collective way to govern society. He believed that individuals should give up their rights of personal selflessness ...

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society ’. Therefore to evolve into a humane and agreeable society people should give up their natural rights of appetite and conform to society by consenting to the process of law which has made them free - collectively consenting to the ‘general will’ - a single correct path for people to follow or the policy which is equal in everyone’s interests.
Rousseau believed that it was wrong for the sovereign power over society to be held by just one man - the King. He believed that the people as a whole should be sovereign (the term Rousseau uses for the body of citizens acting collectively, with authority over themselves) . In the ‘Social Contract’ he argues that government is justified only if sovereignty stays with the people. Therefore whilst the sovereignty could be delegated in various ways it could not be transferred and ‘resides ultimately with society as a whole, with the people, who can withdraw it when necessary ’
In order for the objectives of the ‘general will’ to be ...

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He has committed the worst of all crimes, that of lying before the law ’. Could Rousseau therefore be regarded as the first totalitarian socialist based upon his principals defined in the ‘Social Contract’? To corroborate, he believed that ‘social order is a sacred right which is at the foundation of all other rights ’ and also felt that ‘a fair system of government is linked to a rough equality of wealth and power ’. In order for Rousseau’s utopia - the ‘General Will’, to succeed it was important for the ‘people to respect each other and to see the government as their government ’.
Jacques Louis David (1748-1825), was the leading French painter during the French Revolution and ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 5/7/2004 06:43:31 PM
Category: World History
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1392
Pages: 6

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