South China Sea Conflict


Over the course of the preceding centuries, the South China Sea has been the object of a territorial sovereignty conflict between many countries. Although the conflict was relatively calm and passive, in the last few months, there has been a rise in tension and disputes for the right to rule over the Paracels and the Spratlys, two island chains of the South China Sea, as well as their surrounding waters. The states involved in the conflict are looking to get a hold of the numerous benefits that comes with the territory and are ready to put their resources to do so. On the other hand, though it is not an official statement, the United States are looking to prevent China from ...

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the disputed sea fall under their territory. They claim that they administrated the territory since the Tang dynasty and had naval and maritime operations in the area. Regarding Taiwan, using the same historical reasons, the Taiwanese government would like to have possession over the exact same claimed territory as China. “There is evidence that Taipei and Beijing [...] have collaborated in the development of a common position on the Spratlys dispute” (Klare, 2002, p.122). Vietnam’s claims are virtually the same as China’s, asking for sovereignty for both the Paracels and the Spratlys, based on their active ruling over the two archipelagos since the 17th century. As for the Philippines, claims only include a part of the Spratly islands, for the very simple reason of the proximity to the Filipino archipelago. Concerning Malaysia and Brunei, they both claim the southern part of the Spratly island formation. According to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, the ...

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according to the New York Times (2012, para. 6)

Stakes involved

Why do the six countries go to such length to have sovereignty over the South China Sea? First, the area is rich in natural resources. Inside its territory is an abundant fishing ground, providing seafood for the Asian population. More importantly, it is thought that the sea rests on top of immense sources of oil and natural gas. With Asia’s constantly growing demand for energy and lack of petroleum reserves, the South China Sea would offer valuable hydrocarbon reserves to whoever it is under control of (Klare, 2002, p. 110). China, as well as the other major countries in Asia, is in great need of that oil ...

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South China Sea Conflict. (2013, March 20). Retrieved May 22, 2019, from
"South China Sea Conflict.", 20 Mar. 2013. Web. 22 May. 2019. <>
"South China Sea Conflict." March 20, 2013. Accessed May 22, 2019.
"South China Sea Conflict." March 20, 2013. Accessed May 22, 2019.
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Added: 3/20/2013 01:39:15 AM
Submitted By: SunnySM
Category: Political Science
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 2384
Pages: 9

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