South Korea

, officially known as the Republic of Korea, country in
northeastern Asia that occupies the southern portion of the Korean Peninsula.
is bounded on the north by North Korea; on the east by the Sea of
Japan; on the southeast and south by the Korea Strait, which separates it from
Japan; and on the west by the Yellow Sea. It has a total area of about 38,023 sq.
mi., including numerous offshore islands in the south and west, the largest of
which is Cheju (area, 1829 sq. km/706 sq. mi.). The state of South Korea was
established in 1948 following the post-World War II partitioning of the
peninsula between the occupying forces of the United States in the south and the
Union of Soviet Socialist ...

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these resources because they have a large surplus
of them, and the north is not; they have moved on and found other economical
The population of South Korea (1995 estimate) is about 45,182,000 people.
The country's estimated population density of 1188 per sq mi is one of the
highest in the world. The majority of the population lives in the southern and
western coastal areas. The annual rate of increase has dropped steadily from
more than 3 percent in the late 1950s to 0.8 percent in the mid-1990s.
Urbanization of the country has proceeded rapidly since the 1960s, with
substantial rural to urban migration; approximately 78 percent of the population
is now classified as urban. Since the establishment of North Korea, some 4
million immigrants have crossed the border to South Korea. This increase has
been partly offset by emigration from South Korea, especially to Japan and the
United States.
The country's chief industrial center is Seoul (population, ...

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of more
than 1.8 million.


Land distribution programs were carried out after World War II (1939-
1945). With 1.6 million farms, the average cultivated land area for each is 1.3
hectares (3.2 acres). Agricultural methods remain largely traditional and
unmechanized. About 21 perceent of the land is arable, and nearly all of this
land is under cultivation. The chief crops in the early 1990s were rice (5.7
million metric tons per year), the principal food crop; onions (810,000),
potatoes (726,000); sweet potatoes (315,000); barley (315,000); maize (92,000);
and cucumbers, cabbages, and tomatoes (together totaling 567,000). An important
development has been the ...

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South Korea. (2004, May 20). Retrieved January 21, 2019, from
"South Korea.", 20 May. 2004. Web. 21 Jan. 2019. <>
"South Korea." May 20, 2004. Accessed January 21, 2019.
"South Korea." May 20, 2004. Accessed January 21, 2019.
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Added: 5/20/2004 11:24:34 AM
Category: Geography
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1272
Pages: 5

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