Stephen Crane's "The Open Book": Determinism, Objectivity, And Pessimism



In Stephen Crane's short story “The Open Boat”, the American literary
school of naturalism is used and three of the eight features are most apparent,
making this work, in my opinion, a good example of the school of naturalism.
These three of the eight features are determinism, objectivity, and pessimism.
They show, some more than others, how Stephen Crane viewed the world and the
environment around him.
Determinism is of course the most obvious of the three features.
Throughout the entire story, the reader gets a sense that the fate of the four
main characters, the cook, the oiler, the correspondent, and the captain are
totally pre-determined by nature and that they were not their own ...

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natural forces controlling his fate. “When it
occurs to man that nature does not regard him as important, and that she feels
she would not maim the universe by disposing of him, he at first wishes to throw
bricks at the temple, and he hates deeply that there are no bricks and no
temples.”(pg156) The one character who perishes, the oiler, is of course a
victim of determinism. Even as he was so close to land and no longer out in the
open sea, nature still takes its role in determining his fate.
Objectivity refers to how the author describes reality as it exists,
that is, not glorifying something, but rather simply stating the observation.
The fact that the narrator is the correspondent in itself give an impression on
how the story is going to be told in a more journalistic sense, describing
actual events instead of feelings or ideas. “ In the meantime the oiler and the
correspondent rowed. They sat together in the same seat, and each rowed an oar.
Then the oiler took both oars; ...

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Stephen Crane's "The Open Book": Determinism, Objectivity, And Pessimism. (2005, May 28). Retrieved January 23, 2021, from http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Stephen-Cranes-Open-Book-Determinism-Objectivity/27642
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"Stephen Crane's "The Open Book": Determinism, Objectivity, And Pessimism." Essayworld.com. May 28, 2005. Accessed January 23, 2021. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Stephen-Cranes-Open-Book-Determinism-Objectivity/27642.
"Stephen Crane's "The Open Book": Determinism, Objectivity, And Pessimism." Essayworld.com. May 28, 2005. Accessed January 23, 2021. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Stephen-Cranes-Open-Book-Determinism-Objectivity/27642.
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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 5/28/2005 08:00:46 PM
Category: Book Reports
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 643
Pages: 3

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