Stephen Crane's "The Open Book": Determinism, Objectivity, And Pessimism



In Stephen Crane's short story “The Open Boat”, the American
literary school of naturalism is used and three of the eight features are
most apparent, making this work, in my opinion, a good example of the
school of naturalism. These three of the eight features are determinism,
objectivity, and pessimism. They show, some more than others, how Stephen
Crane viewed the world and the environment around him.
Determinism is of course the most obvious of the three features.
Throughout the entire story, the reader gets a sense that the fate of the
four main characters, the cook, the oiler, the correspondent, and the
captain are totally pre-determined by nature and that they were not their
own ...

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forces controlling his fate. “When it occurs to man that nature
does not regard him as important, and that she feels she would not maim the
universe by disposing of him, he at first wishes to throw bricks at the
temple, and he hates deeply that there are no bricks and no temples.”
(pg156) The one character who perishes, the oiler, is of course a victim of
determinism. Even as he was so close to land and no longer out in the open
sea, nature still takes its role in determining his fate.
Objectivity refers to how the author describes reality as it exists,
that is, not glorifying something, but rather simply stating the
observation. The fact that the narrator is the correspondent in itself give
an impression on how the story is going to be told in a more journalistic
sense, describing actual events instead of feelings or ideas. “ In the
meantime the oiler and the correspondent rowed. They sat together in the
same seat, and each rowed an oar. Then the oiler took both oars; ...

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"Stephen Crane's "The Open Book": Determinism, Objectivity, And Pessimism." Essayworld.com. March 28, 2007. Accessed January 22, 2021. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Stephen-Cranes-Open-Book-Determinism-Objectivity/62505.
"Stephen Crane's "The Open Book": Determinism, Objectivity, And Pessimism." Essayworld.com. March 28, 2007. Accessed January 22, 2021. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Stephen-Cranes-Open-Book-Determinism-Objectivity/62505.
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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 3/28/2007 06:22:31 PM
Category: Book Reports
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 643
Pages: 3

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