The American Civil War


I. INTRODUCTION
The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the events surrounding
the end of . This war was a war of epic proportion.
Never before and not since have so many Americans died in battle. The
American Civil War was truly tragic in terms of human life. In this
document, I will speak mainly around those involved on the battlefield in
the closing days of the conflict. Also, reference will be made to the
leading men behind the Union and Confederate forces.
The war was beginning to end by January of 1865. By then, Federal
(Federal was another name given to the Union Army) armies were spread
throughout the Confederacy and the Confederate Army had shrunk extremely in
size. In ...

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of
this will most certainly illustrate that April 9, 1865 was indeed the end
of a tragedy.

II. CUTTING OFF THE SOUTH

In September of 1864, General William T. Sherman and his army
cleared the city of Atlanta of its civilian population then rested ever so
briefly. It was from there that General Sherman and his army began its
famous "march to the sea". The march covered a distance of 400 miles and
was 60 miles wide on the way. For 32 days no news of him reached the North.
He had cut himself off from his base of supplies, and his men lived on
what ever they could get from the country through which they passed. On
their route, the army destroyed anything and everything that they could not
use but was presumed usable to the enemy. In view of this destruction, it
is understandable that Sherman quoted "war is hell" (Sherman, William
T.,Memoirs of General William T. Sherman. Westport, Conn.:Greenwood Press,
1972). Finally, on December 20, Sherman's men reached the city of ...

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best would only be able to muster about 30,000 men. This by
obvious mathematics would be no challenge to the combined forces of
Schofield and Sherman, let alone Sherman. Sherman's plan was to march
through South Carolina all the while confusing the enemy. His men would
march in two ranks: One would travel northwest to give the impression of a
press against Augusta and the other would march northeast toward Charleston.
However the one true objective would be Columbia.
Sherman's force arrived in Columbia on February 16. The city was
burned to the ground and great controversy was to arise. The Confederates
claimed that Sherman's men set the fires "deliberately, systematically, ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 10/24/2007 03:58:16 AM
Category: American History
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 2418
Pages: 9

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