The Civil War


had solved some old problems for the United States. Towns have been rebuilt, new industries flourish, and new schools have been erected. Most of the damage of war has been long repaired. North and South both enjoy prosperity. But many human problems still remain.
On paper the North was far stronger than the South. It had two and a half times as many people, and it possessed far more ships, miles of railroad, and manufacturing enterprises. Southerners, however, had the advantage of fighting on home ground with better military leadership. The Union manpower was not so great as the gross figures suggest. Half a million people scattered from the Dakotas to California, could make no ...

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the US Army. Another source of southern confidence was cotton. Secession leaders expected to exchange that staple for the foreign manufactured goods they needed.
The South’s most important advantage was that it had only to defend relatively short interior lines against invaders who had to deal with long lines of communication and to attack a broad front. The Confederacy also had no need to divert fighting men to tasks such as garrisoning captured cities and holding conquered territory.
In a short war, numerical superiority would not have made much of a difference. As the war continued, however, numerical strength became a psychological as well as a physical weapon. During the closing years of the conflict, Union armies, massed at last against critical strongholds, suffered terrible casualties but seemed to grow stronger with every defeat. Any staggering Con federate losses sapped the southern will to fight. Every material advantage of the North was magnified by the fact that ...

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"The Civil War." Essayworld.com. November 16, 2005. Accessed November 19, 2019. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/The-Civil-War/36558.
"The Civil War." Essayworld.com. November 16, 2005. Accessed November 19, 2019. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/The-Civil-War/36558.
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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 11/16/2005 10:41:02 AM
Category: American History
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 769
Pages: 3

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