The Growth of Programs for Mentally Retarded Citizens

The Growth of Programs for Mentally Retarded Citizens

Christina Menichini
Columbia College HUMS 250


Throughout the last century, in the United States, there has been a continual growth of programs created to help and enhance the lives of mentally retarded individuals. Parents, advocates, and human service workers have fought for society to recognize and acknowledge the need for these programs to be developed. Although the process may have taken many years, their efforts have been successful. There are several laws that have been established to support and fund the numerous programs available today whose focus is on the quality of life for this group. Mentally retarded ...

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involved the basics in life, such as shelter and food. Attitudes changed during the last century and with the advocacy of parents, friends, and human service workers, many advances were made. Programs were created to improve the education, rehabilitation, respite care, housing, and employment options for mentally retarded individuals. These programs enabled this group to participate in daily living activities and become productive and active members of society.


From the middle of the 19th century until just recently, the number of individuals with disabilities who lived in institutions grew to 194,650. There were not many options of where to place this group and society believed that institutionalization was the best solution. In 1950, the National Organization for Retarded Children was formed which advocated for improving the quality of life for mentally retarded individuals. Soon after, more groups were forming and attention from the government followed. ...

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The Growth of Programs for Mentally Retarded Citizens. (2012, February 18). Retrieved June 20, 2018, from
"The Growth of Programs for Mentally Retarded Citizens.", 18 Feb. 2012. Web. 20 Jun. 2018. <>
"The Growth of Programs for Mentally Retarded Citizens." February 18, 2012. Accessed June 20, 2018.
"The Growth of Programs for Mentally Retarded Citizens." February 18, 2012. Accessed June 20, 2018.
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Added: 2/18/2012 10:13:11 AM
Submitted By: sarahsmith8855
Category: Health & Medicine
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1224
Pages: 5

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