The Rise Of Communism In Russia



Unless we accept the claim that Lenin's coup that gave birth to
an entirely new state, and indeed to a new era in the history of mankind,
we must recognize in today's Soviet Union the old empire of the Russians --
the only empire that survived into the mid 1980s (Luttwak, 1).
In their Communist Manifesto of 1848, Karl Marx and Friedrich
Engels applied the term communism to a final stage of socialism in which
all class differences would disappear and humankind would live in harmony.
Marx and Engels claimed to have discovered a scientific approach to
socialism based on the laws of history. They declared that the course of
history was determined by the clash of opposing forces ...

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originated in
the West. Designed in France and Germany, it was brought into Russia in
the middle of the nineteenth century and promptly attracted support among
the country's educated, public-minded elite, who at that time were called
intelligentsia (Pipes, 21). After Revolution broke out over Europe in
1848 the modern working class appeared on the scene as a major historical
force. However, Russia remained out of the changes that Europe was
experiencing. As a socialist movement and inclination, the Russian Social-
Democratic Party continued the traditions of all the Russian Revolutions
of the past, with the goal of conquering political freedom (Daniels 7).
As early as 1894, when he was twenty-four, Lenin had become a
revolutionary agitator and a convinced Marxist. He exhibited his new
faith and his polemical talents in a diatribe of that year against the
peasant-oriented socialism of the Populists led by N.K. Mikhiaiovsky (Wren,
3).
While ...

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for his faction and seized
upon the label 0Bolshevik (Russian for Majority), while his opponents who
inclined to the soft or more democratic position became known as the
Mensheviks or minority (Daniels, 19).
Though born only in 1879, Trotsky had gained a leading place among
the Russian Social-Democrats by the time of the Second party Congress in
1903. He represented ultra-radical sentiment that could not reconcile
itself to Lenin's stress on the party organization. Trotsky stayed with
the Menshevik faction until he joined Lenin in 1917. From that point on,
he accommodated himself in large measure to Lenin's philosophy of party
dictatorship, but his reservations came to ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 10/17/2007 04:49:33 PM
Category: Government
Type: Free Paper
Words: 2366
Pages: 9

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