The Turning Point Of The Civil War



Gettysburg was the turning point in the American Civil War. It was
a battle that would change the future of the Civil War. The stage was set
for an immense struggle at Gettysburg after the May 1863 Battle of
Chancellorsville. The Battle of Gettysburg was a prolonged three day,
bloody battle, a decisive engagement in that it was a serious fight between
the two major American cultures of their time: the North and the South, it
ended the Confederates' second and last major invasion of the North and it
was a missed chance for the North to end the war.
General Robert E. Lee made the historic decision to divide his
already outmanned and outgunned Army of Northern Virginia. This ...

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by invading Pennsylvania via Maryland in an attempt to end the
war quickly by threatening the Northern capitol and waging "total war" on
the Northern citizens. Unfortunately for Lee, Stuart's joyriding, Stuart
delighted in riding complete circles around the Northern armies and hence
all of the public recognition and attention, left him blind, without any
clue as to the whereabouts, intentions, strengths, or capabilities of the
Union Army of the Potomac. Unbeknownst to him, Meade was marching straight
for him with almost 82,000 men and, more importantly, a competent and
mission-oriented calvary commander in John Buford. The battle began on July
1, when some of General Hill’s advance brigades entered the town of small
town Gettysburg, Pennsylvania looking for shoes. Because of General Stuart’
s failure to complete his mission of tracking the Union army, Hill's troops
encountered a Union cavalry division commanded by Major General Buford.
During battle in front of Cemetery ...

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was delayed time and time again, eventually
kicking off just before noon and failing soon thereafter. Confederate gains
wins limited to the Peach Orchard and a sector of Culp's Hill, which was
soon to be lost to a Union counterattack, while major losses were incurred
in personnel, equipment, ammunition, and morale. The second day concluded
with planning for the third and final day of this historic
battle.(MacDonald 293-295) General Meade and the federal forces believed an
attack would come, but expected an attack in the same place as earlier that
day. Ironically, given incredible losses to forces opposing Longstreet's
first attack, the troops under the command of Colonel Chamberlain ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 3/15/2007 05:23:12 PM
Category: American History
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1342
Pages: 5

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