The Zhou Dynasty


had created a kingdom larger than any of the other Chinese dynasties had ever seen or created. The kingdom was located near the East coast along the Wei River, above the Yellow River. is separated into two major parts, the Eastern and the Western. They had a huge territory to govern with mountains and rivers and rocky hills. This was the main cause for the development of the feudal system. However, rebellions by the people and border attacks by the nomads caused the Zhou king (Wang) to move the kingdom eastward to Luoyang. The Eastern part of the kingdom, however, was flat and not very mountainous. Despite the geography, the Zhou still had a huge piece of land to control. A ...

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and to stay in power. However, most of the lords had become corrupt and spoiled in hopes of gaining power and controlling the entire kingdom. King Wen tried to overcome this problem by buttering up the vassal states and the noble families. They established a system of chivalry, almost, which set out several moral issues. Nonetheless, many vassals still betrayed the Wang and joined forces with the barbarians to help defeat the Western Zhou. That was the main cause for the movement of the Zhou from the West to the East. The Eastern Zhou kingdom, after it was established, did not have much control over any of its feudal states anymore. Many of them had become larger and more powerful than the Zhou kingdom itself. 2 (See Appendix D1, D2, E4)
The attempt to unify the country led to the start of a new era called the Warring States Period. During this period of time, many of the states formed during competed against each other for power. I believe the efforts exerted by the Zhou ...

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to rule efficiently. Their greatest challenge varied from time to time. At one point, it was their population and at another point, it was the nomadic invasion. No one challenge can be determined to be greater than the other. 4 (See Appendix B, D2, E1)

The nomadic invasion was a small and simple problem itself, but led to a series of events that caused much greater problems for the Zhou dynasty. The invasion triggered the movement of the Zhou capital eastward to their new capital at Luoyang. After the new capital was established at Luoyang, the Zhou lost control of many of its feudal states and lords. These attacks severely weakened the already decentralized government and ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 2/9/2006 04:23:01 PM
Category: World History
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 3075
Pages: 12

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