Themes Of Italian Renaissance Art


As the fourteenth century ushered out the Middle
Ages in Italy, a new period of cultural flowering began,
known as the Renaissance. This period in history was
famous for its revival of classical themes and the merging
of these themes with the Catholic Church. These themes of
humanism, naturalism, individualism, classicism, and
learning and reason appeared in every aspect of the Italian
Renaissance, most particularly in its art.
Humanism can be defined as the idea that human
beings are the primary measure of all things (Fleming,
29). Renaissance art showed a renewed interest in man who
was depicted in Renaissance art as the center of the
world. Pico della Mirandola said ...

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Ghiberti studied the anatomical
proportions of the body, Filippo Brunelleschi was
interested in mathematics in architecture, Leone Battista
Alberti, who was skilled in painting, sculpture and
architecture, stressed the study of mathematics as the
underlying principle of the arts (Fleming, 285). Leonardo
also looked at the geometric proportions of the human body
(Calder, 197). In painting, but especially in sculpture,
artists were inspired to express the structural forms of
the body beneath its external appearance. Their anatomical
studies opened the way to the modeling and the movements of
the human body. In painting, naturalism meant a more
realistic representation of everyday objects. In Fra
Angelico's Annunciation, he shows an exact reproduction of
Tuscan botany (Wallace, 237). Also, the concept of space
was important. In painting, figures were placed in a more
normal relationship to the space they occupied.
Human figures tended to become more ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 3/4/2007 10:33:04 PM
Category: American History
Type: Free Paper
Words: 854
Pages: 4

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