Women Of The Civil War


Many people overlook the role of women in war. It is said even by
women that the men go off to fight, and the women stay home and wait. Well
here is a paper about women who didn't sit home and wait for their husbands,
brothers, fathers, sons, and sweethearts to come back. They did something
to help their country when it needed it most.

Women Who Fought

As many as 400 women from the North and South disguised themselves
as men and enlisted in the army. Amy Clarke volunteered as a private so
she would not have to be parted from her husband. After he died at Shiloh,
she continued to serve. She was wounded twice. Then she was captured by
the Yankees. Her secret became ...

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She deserted in 1863. After
leaving the army, she worked as a nurse for the United States Christian
Commission. A short time before her death, she petitioned for a veteran's
pension. Two years later the pension was granted to her by Congress.
Some women did not dress up as men to fight. Southren women in
New Orleans despised the Yankee men that occupied their city. They spit on,
cursed at, and even emptied their chamber pots on Yankee soldiers whenever
they got the chance. Because these women were of the upper class, the
officers were reluctant to punish these ladies. General Order No. 28 was
put into effect by Benjamin Butler, the Union major general in charge of
keeping peace in New Orleans. The order said that women who insulted
Yankee soilders would be “treated as a woman of the town.” This terrified
the ladies so much, that no officer had to carry out the order's threat.
Many communities of women organized their own companies to defend
their homes. ...

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commended the courage of the ladies.

Women Spies and Traitors

During the civil war, many women used their gender to disguise
treasonous activities they committed every day. Women were excused from
punishment for acts that would have warranted death in a male.
The most famous woman spy of the Civil War was Bell Boyd. Bell
first defied Union authority when she was seventeen. She shot and killed a
Yankee solidier for trying to enter her home and raise the union flag.
Belle said the soldier cursed her mother “in language as offensive as it is
possible to conceive.” When a group of officers investigated, they
concluded that Belle had done nothing wrong. Since the soldier ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 1/7/2008 02:38:24 PM
Category: American History
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 2227
Pages: 9

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