AIDS And HIV


Introduction
Being one of the most fatal viruses in the nation, AIDS (Acquired
Immunodeficiency Syndrome) is now a serious public health concern in most major
U.S. cities and in countries worldwide. Since 1986 there have been impressive
advances in understanding of the AIDS virus, its mechanisms, and its routes of
transmission. Even though researchers have put in countless hours, and millions
of dollars it has not led to a drug that can cure infection with the virus or to
a vaccine that can prevent it. With AIDS being the leading cause of death among
adults, individuals are now taking more precautions with sexual intercourse, and
medical facilities are screening blood more thoroughly. ...

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that the first cases of AIDS in the
United States probably occurred in 1977.
By early 1982, 15 states, the District of Columbia, and 2 foreign
countries had reports of AIDS cases, however the total remained low: 158 men and
1 woman. Surprising enough more then 90 percent of the men were homosexual or
bisexual. Knowing this more then 70 percent of AIDS victims are homosexual or
bisexual men, and less then 5 percent are heterosexual adults. Amazing enough
by December of 1983 there were 3,000 cases of AIDS that had been reported in
adults from 42 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico, and the
disease had been recognized in 20 other countries. Recognizing the Extent of
Infection
The health of the general homosexual populations in the area with the
largest number of cases of the new disease was getting looked at a lot closer by
researchers. For many years physicians knew that homosexual men who reported
large numbers of sexual partners had more episodes of venereal ...

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serious other opportunistic infections.
After the discovery of HIV and the development of HIV-antibody test, the case
definition of AIDS was updated to reflect the role of the virus in causing AIDS,
but the scope of the definition remained almost the same. Transmission
HIV is primarily a sexually transmitted disease, it is transmitted by
both homosexual and bisexual and heterosexual activity. The first recognized
case was among homosexual and bisexual men. Many numbers of studies have shown
that men who have sexual partners and those who practice receptive anal
intercourse are more likely to be infected with HIV than other homosexual men.
Researchers found a strong connection between HIV ...

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AIDS And HIV. (2008, November 9). Retrieved September 19, 2017, from http://www.essayworld.com/essays/AIDS-And-HIV/92814
"AIDS And HIV." Essayworld.com. Essayworld.com, 9 Nov. 2008. Web. 19 Sep. 2017. <http://www.essayworld.com/essays/AIDS-And-HIV/92814>
"AIDS And HIV." Essayworld.com. November 9, 2008. Accessed September 19, 2017. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/AIDS-And-HIV/92814.
"AIDS And HIV." Essayworld.com. November 9, 2008. Accessed September 19, 2017. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/AIDS-And-HIV/92814.
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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 11/9/2008 10:50:11 PM
Category: Health & Medicine
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 2286
Pages: 9

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