is predominantly a mountainous country, with an average elevation of about 910m (about 3000 ft). Most of the land falls within the eastern division of the Alps. In general the major mountain ranges of run in an eastern-western direction and are separated from one another by rather broad valleys. The northernmost line of ranges includes the North Tirol Alps and the Salzburg Alps. Among the central ranges is the Hohe Tauern, which culminates in the Grossglockner, the highest elevation (3797 m/12,457 ft) in the country. The southernmost ranges include the Ötztal Alps, the Zillertaler Alps, the Noric Alps, and the Karawanken Mountains. Besides these eastern- western ranges, several series of ...

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its southeastern course, past Linz and Vienna, to Bratislava on the Slovakian border. Austrian tributaries of the Danube include the Traun, Enns, and Ybbs rivers. In the south, important rivers are the Mur and the Mürz. In addition to the rivers, the hydrographic system of the country includes numerous lakes, notably in the south central and the northwestern areas.


The Austrian climate varies with altitude; with location in relation to Atlantic, continental, and Mediterranean influences; and with certain local wind characteristics. Mountainous regions are partially subject to moderate Atlantic conditions and experience more precipitation than the eastern lowlands, which are under continental influences. Spring and fall are usually mild throughout the country. Summers are short, with moderate temperatures. Cold and often severe winters last about three months in the valleys, where they are usually ended by the foehn, a warm, dry wind from the south that is often ...

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people are primarily Germanic, Austria has a varied ethnic mixture, including significant minorities of Croat, Magyar, and Slovene stock, as well as smaller groups of Romanians, Serbs, and Italians.

Population Characteristics

The population of Austria (1989 estimate) was 7,603,000. Overall population density was about 91 per sq km (235 per sq mi). Almost one-third of the people live in the five largest cities: Vienna, Graz, Linz, Salzburg, and Innsbruck.

Political Divisions

Austria is divided into nine provinces: Burgenland, Carinthia, Lower Austria, Salzburg, Tirol, Upper Austria, Vienna, and Vorarlberg.

Principal Cities

Vienna, the capital and largest city, ...

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Austria. (2008, September 3). Retrieved January 22, 2019, from
"Austria.", 3 Sep. 2008. Web. 22 Jan. 2019. <>
"Austria." September 3, 2008. Accessed January 22, 2019.
"Austria." September 3, 2008. Accessed January 22, 2019.
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Added: 9/3/2008 03:13:25 PM
Category: Geography
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1641
Pages: 6

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