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Brief History Of Library Automation: 1930-1996 - College Essays

Brief History Of Library Automation: 1930-1996



An automated library is one where a computer system is used to manage
one or several of the library's key functions such as acquisitions, serials
control, cataloging, circulation and the public access catalog. When exploring
the history of library automation, it is possible to return to past centuries
when visionaries well before the computer age created devices to assist with
their book lending systems. Even as far back as 1588, the invention of the
French "Book Wheel" allowed scholars to rotate between books by stepping on a
pedal that turned a book table. Another interesting example was the "Book
Indicator", developed by Albert Cotgreave in 1863. It housed miniature books to
represent ...

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use in library circulation and
acquisitions. During the 30's and early 40's progress on computer systems was
slow which is not surprising, given the Depression and World War II. In 1945,
Vannevar Bush envisioned an automated system that would store information,
including books, personal records and articles. Bush(1945) wrote about a
hypothetical "memex" system which he described as a mechanical library that
would allow a user to view stored information from several different access
points and look at several items simultaneously. His ideas are well known as the
basis for hypertext and mputers for their operations. The first appeared at MIT,
in 1957, with the development of COMIT, managing linguistic computations,
natural language and the ability to search for a particular string of
information. Librarians then moved beyond a vision or idea for the use of
computers, given the technology, they were able make great advances in the use
of computers for library systems. This lead to an ...

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LOC
began the MARC I project, followed quickly by MARC II. MARC was designed as way
of "tagging" bibliographic records using 3-digit numbers to identify fields. For
example, a tag might indicate "ISBN," while another tag indicates "publication
date," and yet another indicates "Library of Congress subject headings" and so
on. In 1974, the MARC II format became the basis of a standard incorporated by
NISO (National Information Standards Organization). This was a significant
development because the standards created meant that a bibliographic record
could be read and transferred by the computer between different library systems.
ARPANET, a network established by the Defense Advanced ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 10/21/2008 08:45:25 AM
Category: Computers
Type: Free Paper
Words: 1647
Pages: 6

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