Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy is a disorder that affects muscle tone, movement, and motor skills. In some cases it may lead to other health issues such as vision, hearing, and speech problems, and learning disabilities. Cerebral palsy is one of the most common congenital (existing before birth or after birth) disorders of childhood (Bachrach). About 500,000 children and adults in the U.S. have cerebral palsy.
In most cases cerebral palsy is the result of damage to the brain. Many are from problems during pregnancy in which the brain is either damaged or doesn’t develop normally. In some cases problems during labor and delivery can cause cerebral palsy. Premature babies who weigh less ...

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palsy. The first is spastic, which mean they child has stiff muscles and jerky movements. This is the most common type which accounts for 70-80% of cases. Then there is dyskinetic. This type has two subtypes, athetoid and ataxic. Athetiod is uncontrolled movements, and can affect any part of the body including the face, mouth, and tongue. Athetoid accounts for 10-20% of cases. Ataxic affects balance and coordination and sometimes depth perception. This type accounts for 5-10% of the cases. The last type is mixed. This is a combination of types. The most common is spastic and athetoid.
Many children with cerebral palsy have normal or above average intelligence. It may be difficult to express their intelligence because of their inability to communicate. Having cerebral palsy usually doesn’t stop a child from going to school. They just have a bigger challenges that makes things a little harder for them to do.
There is no specific test to diagnose cerebral palsy. ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 3/23/2011 11:07:24 AM
Submitted By: kari6411
Category: Diseases & Disorders
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 496
Pages: 2

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