Depression And Its Effects


Depression: This essay is concerned with the disorder of Major (unipolar) Depression. Firstly, differences between sociodemgraphic groups will be addressed. Secondly, a summary of research literature will be discussed and finally, differences in prevalence between sociodemographic groups will be approached.
All of us have experienced moods of depression, sadness, or the blues in our lives. We may have these feelings in response to a death in the family, the breakup of a relationship, falling short of a goal, and the like. The presence of a depressive disorder involves the symptoms of "intense sadness, feelings of futility and worthlessness, and withdrawal from others. Matsumoto (1995) ...

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p 352). Furthermore, Rosenhan & Seligman (1995) go on to say that, normal depression differs in the degree of symptoms to unipolar depression. Both have similar symptoms but, unipolar differs in the severity, frequency and duration.
Depression and Sociodemographic Groups

Blackman (1995) points out that depression is a disease that afflicts the human psyche in such a way that the afflicted tends to act and react abnormally toward others and themselves. Therefore it comes to no surprise to discover that adolescent depression is strongly linked to teen suicide. Adolescent suicide is now responsible for more deaths in youths aged 15 to 19 than cardiovascular disease or cancer (Cited in Blackman, 1995, p51). Despite this increased suicide rate, depression in this age group is greatly under-diagnosed and leads to serious difficulties in school, work and personal adjustment which may often continue into adulthood.

Matsumoto (1995) highlights that " like schizophrenia, ...

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Brown (1996) explains that the reason why depression is often over looked in children and adolescents is because "children are not always able to express how they feel." Sometimes the symptoms of mood disorders take on different forms in children than in adults. These gender differences may be in part due to biological causes, such as hormones and different levels of neurotransmitters.

Research Literature on Causation

Though its triggers often remain a mystery, some people are at higher risk than others. It may be genetics, or family socialization, but compared with those who have no depressed relatives, those with close family members who are or have been depressed are about ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 2/26/2004 04:26:38 AM
Category: Health & Medicine
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1416
Pages: 6

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