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George Dantzig - Essay

George Dantzig


was born on August 14, 1914. He studied mathematics at the University of Maryland, receiving his A.B. in 1936. He received an M.A. in mathematics from the University of Michigan in 1937.
Dantzig worked as a Junior Statistician in the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics from 1937 to 1939, then, from 1941 to 1946, he was head of the Combat Analysis Branch, U.S.A.F. Headquarters Statistical Control. He received his doctorate in mathematics from the University of California, Berkeley in 1946. In that year he was appointed Mathematical Advisor for USAF Headquarters.
In 1947 Dantzig made the contribution to mathematics for which he is most famous, the simplex method of optimization. It grew out ...

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RAND Corporation in 1952, and then in 1960 he was appointed professor at Berkeley and Chairman of the Operations Research Center. While there he wrote Linear Programming and Extensions (1963). In 1966 he was appointed Professor of Operations Research and Computer Science at Stanford University.
His work in a wide range of topics related to optimization and operations research over the years has been of major importance. In spite of impressive developments in computational optimization in the last 20 years, the simplex method, invented by Dantzig in 1947, has stood the test of time.
Through his research in mathematical theory, computation, economic analysis, and applications to industrial problems, he has contributed more than any other researcher to the development of linear programming. Computer scientist Laszlo Lovasz said in 1980:

"If one would take statistics about which mathematical
problem is using up most of the computer time in the world,
then (not including database ...

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in 1982. Since then it has been awarded every three years.
John Nash was born on June 13, 1928 in Bluefield, West Virginia. Nash's mother, Margaret, was a Latin teacher. His father, John Sr., was an electrical engineer.
In the fall of 1945, Nash enrolled at Carnegie-Mellon, then Carnegie Tech, in Pittsburgh. It was there that the label "genius" was first applied to Nash. His mathematics professor called him "a young Gauss" in class one day, referring to the great German mathematician. Nash switched from chemistry to math in his freshman year. Two years later he had a B.S. and was studying for an M.S.
His graduate professor, R.J. Duffin, recalls Nash who came to him one day and ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 11/25/2005 09:11:51 PM
Category: Biographies
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1687
Pages: 7

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