How And Why Australia Became A


It could be argued that Australia becoming a Federation was a stupid thing to do but most people agree that it was a great idea. In the next few paragraphs, the reasons Federation will be discussed. Some of the reasons 'why' are trade (NSW/Victoria rivalry), communication and fear of invasion by Germany.
On January 1, 1901, Australia's six self-governing colonies became states in an "indissoluble Federal Commonwealth." In other words, January 1st, 1901, is when Australia became a Federation. For over fifty years many individuals had dreamed of this and occasionally false starts were made, but it wasn't until the 1890's that the Federation movement gathered momentum. The inauguration of ...

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from the early 1840's when the colonies still functioned seperately and there was a rivalry between NSW (who believed that trade should be free) and Victoria (who believed a tax should be imposed for trade). There was a need to uniform defence as there was fear of an invasion by Germany and if the colonies fought as one single nation, it would be stronger than if they remained seperate colonies.
Before the sub-division of Australia was complete, suggestions were made to link the colonies. In September, 1846, there were discussions in the Legislative Council in NSW as to the need for some control to be made over "intercolonial legislation." Two weeks later, Governor Fitz Roy suggested "some superior functionary" be appointed, with the power to review and, if necessary, disallow legislation of all colonies on anything other than local matters. These suggestions have been regarded as the first move towards Federation.

The next move came from Britain, when, in 1847, Earl Grey, ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 11/29/2008 02:20:19 PM
Category: World History
Words: 467
Pages: 2

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