Individuals and Society

Individuals and society

Action theories and structural theories are both endeavors to understand different aspects of society. They try to explain the behaviors of individuals as separate entities and also as a part of group. They further attempt to explain the effects or implications of people's actions on society and on making on rules, norms and customs that prevail in a society.

According to action theories, sociology is a science "is a science concerning itself with the interpretive understanding of social action and thereby with a causal explanation of its course and consequences" (Weber, p. 4) where actions can be objectively studied with the course and consequence can be ...

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or logic where they try to find ratifies actions with established standards.

According to Weber, as action of social as long as it hold some meaning for the actor , involves people and has some direction i.e. it leads to some end.

Furthermore, he believed that the actions should be studied while taking into the account the actual, existing conditions.

There can be different types of "meanings" to actions. These includes actions that themselves are valuable to the actors (religious acts) , actions whose end-products has some purpose, actions that actors are emotionally attached to and actions that are traditional of societies or habitual of people, ,whose roots lie in experience gained by individual or merely by-down to him by his forefathers and/or shared by his fellow beings. However all these aren't social in nature.

There is huge range of actions, Weber mention, which aren't social .These are to be distinguished in order to know which ones are social. For ...

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important factor. Some relationships might be fleeting ones but these weren't studied in detail by Weber. He only studied relationships that occurred for a longer period of time which led to social institutions such as workplaces, families, friendships, religious places etc. Also it only when an action is repeated number of times, that is meaning has some value and effect on people as individuals and as a group. It is among these repeated actions that some become the customs, laws, norms and maxims that people are supposed to adhere to, in a society. As Taylor et al. (1995) suggests, people in a society or particular group are influenced by its norms because members have a 'shared culture ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 8/22/2018 06:08:34 PM
Category: Social Issues
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1634
Pages: 6

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