Key Teaching and Learning Principle in Language Classroom

1st principle - Materials have to be designed at the students’ level, with topics which they can react to.

When students meet new language, they are listless and disengaged, they are far less likely to remember what they encounter than if they are engaged emotionally open to what is going on (Harmer...). Apart from that, having subject materials that require the learners to struggle in order to understand will cause them to lose interest to learn. It can also be very de-motivating as the students might think that they are not good enough to understand the text. Therefore, one of the most effective way to keep the students engaged with the reading materials is to make sure that the ...

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learners need to feel that what they are learning is personally relevant to them, that they have to experienced learning (rather than just being taught) and that their self-image needs to be enhanced as part of the process (Roger 1969, quoted in Harmer...). In other words, language teaching is not just about teaching language, but it is also helping the students to develop themselves as people. According to Harmer (1992;35), in this methodology, the experience of the students is what counts and development of their personalities and the encouragement of positive feelings are seen to be as important as their learning of a language. Getrude Moscowitz suggests a number of interactive activities which aims are to make students feel good and raise their self-confidence (Harmer 1992;36). However, the foundation of every activity is to choose the topic which is frequently related to the students themselves, their lives and their relationships especially in practicing grammar or ...

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a communicative purpose. The learner are thus likely to find them more motivating to be read (Little, Devitt & Singleton 1994;24). Improving language skills is mostly by extensive reading. Therefore, having more interesting texts for students to read will encourage them to read more and indirectly improve their linguistic knowledge. This exposes the students with the usage and functions of common words in the language. In addition to that, it also helps the students to increase the vocabulary and familiar them with the real life language to be used in their daily conversation.

Authentic texts if used in sufficient quantities can begin to replicate the “language bath” in which the ...

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Added: 2/28/2011 04:06:31 AM
Submitted By: leeyazz
Category: Education
Words: 2032
Pages: 8

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