Nuclear Physicists And The Development Of A Nuclear Bomb



Scientists in the 1930s, using machines that could break apart the nuclear cores of atoms, confirmed Einstein's formula E=mc˛ . The release of energy in a nuclear transformation was so great that it could cause a detectable change in the mass of the nucleus. But the study of nuclei -- in those years the fastest growing area of physics -- had scant effect on Einstein. Nuclear physicists were gathering into ever-larger teams of scientists and technicians, heavily funded by governments and foundations, engaged with massive experimental devices. Such work was alien to Einstein's habit of abstract thought, done alone or with a mathematical assistant. In return, experimental nuclear physicists ...

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pacifism. He now signed a letter that was delivered to President F.D. Roosevelt, warning him to take action. This, and a second Einstein-Szilard letter of March 1940, joined efforts by other scientists to prod the United States government into preparing for nuclear warfare. Einstein played no other role in the nuclear bomb project, but during the war he performed useful service as a consultant for the United States Navy's Bureau of Ordnance. nd in itself."
Asked how intellectuals should respond to McCarthyism, Einstein wrote, "I can only see the revolutionary way of non-cooperation."
"Here, then, is the problem which we present to you, stark and dreadful and inescapable: Shall we put an end to the human race or shall mankind renounce war? People will not face this alternative because it is so difficult to abolish war."

Although his activity was limited by advancing age and ill health, Einstein made clear his commitment to civil liberties. He attacked racial prejudice and ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 1/28/2004 08:22:12 AM
Category: American History
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 968
Pages: 4

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