Nutrition

Antioxidants

1.Vitamins A, C, E, B-carotene, selenium

Vitamin A appears to work by keeping cells differentiated (which decreases growth rate and make them more benign

Cancer terms

a.Cancer -Cells multiply out of control and disrupt normal functioning

b.Neoplasm -New growth

c.Tumor -rapid and/or uncontrolled increase in number of cells

d.Benign neoplasm

1)Pose no problems (except locally)

2)Cells adhere to one another

3)Do not invade into other tissues

e.Malignant neoplasm

1)Cancerous

2)Resists treatment

3)Harmful cells don’t adhere, they invade surrounding tissues

f.Tumor

1)Mass of abnormal tissue

2)Mass of neoplasm
What affects BMR
3) ...

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and dieting reduce BMR)
g) Fever (increases BMR)
h) Pregnancy and lactation
(increases BMR)
i) Environmental Temperature
(cold or hot increases BMR)
What triggers appetite and satiation
Niacin deficiency
4. Niacin
a. Definition/classification
1) Water soluble vitamin
2) Found as niacin and nicotinic acid
3) Some of the active forms are NAD and NADP
b. Functions
1) Transfer of energy from ATP
2) Formation of Fatty acids
c. Deficiency sign/symptoms
1) Pellagra (classic)
a. Still seen in
– poor urban US
– Africa
– Asia
2) Weakness
3) Irritability
4) Depression

Phosphorus
a. Definition/classification
1) Found as phosphate
(a negatively charged oxygen containing molecule)
b. Functions
1) Part of
a) DNA structure
b) RNA structure
c) Phospholipids - Makes that part water soluble
d) ATP - Contains the high energy bond

Calculation RDA for protein
Protein Requirement (RDA)
a. Adult
0.8 g/kg body weight
b. Based on
1) Average loss of ...

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Dry Beriberi
» Weakness
» Paralysis
Pear vs. Apple shape
Body fat distribution (Shape)
1) Android (apple shape)(Central obesity)
a) Characterized by excess abdominal fat
b) Fat tend to be distributed viscerally
c) More common in men
d) Associated with increased cardiovascular
risk
e) Associated with
– Smoking
– Alcohol (beer belly)
– Lack of exercise
f) Easier to lose– (especially by exercise)
2) Gynoecia (pear shape)
a) Characterized by excess hip/femoral fat
b) Distributed primarily subcutaneously
c) More common in women
d) Associated with fewer health risks
e) Harder to lose
How many calories make up a lb.
3500
Free radicals

Complementary protein
a. ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 2/3/2012 07:56:17 AM
Submitted By: mangojelly
Category: Health & Medicine
Type: Free Paper
Words: 1554
Pages: 6

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