Rabies

Perhaps the best-known animal-borne disease, Rabies, or Rage is caused by a Rhabdovirus, a type of virus named for its rod like shape. It is also caused by a ‘Lyssavirus’. This group of viruses includes the Rabies virus traditionally associated with this disease, Australian bat lyssavirus, Duvenhage virus, two European bat lyssaviruses- Lagos Bat virus and Mokola virus. Viruses generally have either cubical or helical symmetry. Human-infecting diseases take shape of approximating regular polyhedral (Cockrum). This disease is widely disseminated throughout the world and the majority of human deaths are in Asia, about ninety-five percent. There are about forty-million dogs in the United ...

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lives. Second and third-generation vaccines with enhanced efficiency and less negative reaction to the body have been industrialized for use in humans and animals (CDC). Multiple experimental vaccines that may provide alternate safe and compelling but less costly vaccine options are in the developmental stages. These include DNA vaccines, recombinant viral vaccines, and recombinant protein vaccines. Further testing is needed to conclude if and which of these novel vaccines will find their way into mass manufacture and purpose in the future (WHO). The olden vaccines, produced in the nineteenth century, had multiple side effects to include paralysis, high fever, vomiting, diarrhea, and sometimes loss of consciousness (CDC). There are two forms of the virus: furious and dumb rabies. Furious rabies is distinguished by thrashing, viciousness, agitation, choking, gagging, hyperventilation, biting, cardiac arrhythmias, paralysis and eventually death. Paralytic or dumb rabies is ...

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to be responsible for the most bites. Bats are responsible for almost seventy-five percent of cases worldwide (CDC). Reptiles and amphibians cannot get the disease; their nervous system will not support it (Bren). Generally, the rabies virus is spread through a bite from an infected animal to a human, or through airborne through the mucous membrane (Professional).
Humans, being warm blooded, can obtain the disease at any age. Younger children between the ages of two years and fourteen years are the most common to be found in the hospital due to a bite or an unwanted encounter of a suspiciously rabid animal. The younger aged children tend to let curiosity take lead and draw ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 3/8/2011 11:18:33 PM
Submitted By: rachelnorris
Category: Diseases & Disorders
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 5406
Pages: 20

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