Social Ecological Model


Social Ecological Model (26/10/20)

Societal - Community - Relationship - Individual

Ecological models of health behavior emphasise the environmental policy contexts of behavior, while incorporating the social and psychological influences (Glanz et al. 2008).

This model considers the complex interplay between individual, relationship, community and societal factors. (how they all work together and influence homelessness)

It allows us to use the framework for prevention and allows us to understand the range of factors that put people at risk for violence or protect them from experiencing or perpetrating violence as an example. The overlapping rings in the model ...

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education level, employment status.

Relationship - social, cultural, ongoing social support and encouragement from personal groups including family, peers and partner.

Community - settings (schools, workplaces, neighbourhoods), social and physical environment, councils and other government institutions, not-for-profit organisations, networks of resources and support at local, state and national levels.

Societal - social and cultural norms; health, economics, educational and social policies (laws, regulations, funding) that help to maintain economic or social inequalities between groups in society; eligibility for resources; and housing availability and affordability

Examples using Violence:


The first level identifies biological and personal history factors that increase the likelihood of becoming a victim or perpetrator of violence. Some of these factors are age, education, income, substance use or history of abuse.

Prevention ...

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in which violence is encouraged or inhibited. These factors include social and cultural norms that support violence as an acceptable way to resolve conflicts.

Other large societal factors include the health, economic, educational and social policies that help to maintain economic or social inequalities between groups in society.

Social Ecological Models of Influence

Risk factors and protective factors of homelessness

Prevention Strategies
Mental Health
Financial Difficulties
Mental Support (Headspace etc)

Family issues, previous abuse, Intergenerational Homelessness

Youth Refuge
Homelessness ...

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Social Ecological Model. (2020, November 5). Retrieved April 19, 2021, from
"Social Ecological Model.", 5 Nov. 2020. Web. 19 Apr. 2021. <>
"Social Ecological Model." November 5, 2020. Accessed April 19, 2021.
"Social Ecological Model." November 5, 2020. Accessed April 19, 2021.
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Added: 11/5/2020 09:00:20 PM
Submitted By: tycon22
Category: Social Issues
Type: Free Paper
Words: 1443
Pages: 6

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