The Beginning Of The Civil War



The Missouri Compromise was passed in 1820. It did not end the debate over slavery. Trouble started brewing when Texas wanted to be a state. One problem: there was no free state to accompany Texas into the Union. As the Missouri Compromise states that a slave state and a free state must enter the Union together (Stated on COMPTON’S ENCYCLOPEDIA ONLINE.).
Then, in 1845, Congress allowed Texas into the Union. Congress also said that, with the consent of Texas legislature, it could be divided into five separate states. The Missouri Compromise line was then extended farther west and there was to be no slavery west of this line.
Not too long after that, slavery came up again. This time, ...

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was unconstitutional. The constitution stated that slaveholders had the right to own property, which included slaves, since slaves weren’t human, according to the South.
There were three candidates in the election of 1848: Lewis Cass Martin Van Buren and Zachary Taylor. Cass was representing the democrats and was a man who believed in Popular Sovernty. Van Buren was nominated by the Free-Soil Party. Taylor was a war hero, a General from the Mexican War. He was chosen to represent the Whig party and, since he owned slaves, was pro-slavery (Stated on COMPTON’S ENCYCLOPEDIA ONLINE.).
Gold was discovered in 1848 in California, and confirmed by Polk, which was a guess on his part. The California Gold Rush was on! Thousands upon thousands of people rushed to claim their fortune. In a matter of months, over 80,000 people had settled in California. To prevent chaos in California, a state government was much needed. California asked to be admitted into the Union as a free state. ...

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aloud to Congress. In his speech, he said that the only way to avoid Civil war would be for the North to allow slavery into the territories:
“If something decisive is not now done…, the South will be forced to choose between abolition and secession…. The responsibility of saving the Union rests on the North, and not the South.” (Stated in THE AMERICAN NATION, pg. 341.).
Daniel Webster decided to support Clay’s compromises three days after Calhoun’s speech. He determined that slavery would not be able to take root in the new territories due to unstable climate.
Many members of Congress, both North and South alike, were opposed to Webster and Clay. They didn’t want to compromise. ...

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Added: 2/27/2008 11:26:39 AM
Category: American History
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1341
Pages: 5

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