The Black Death and Its Effects On Europe

Black Death

"Black Death"[1] refers to the devastating outbreak of bubonic plague that struck Europe and the Mediterranean area from 1347 through 1351 AD. The 14th century plague in Europe is one of the most pivotal events in human history, as it not only took a frighteningly large number of lives in a very short time it also had a lasting impact on western society. In this research paper we shall discuss the course of the event across Europe and the Mediterranean; how the disease was spread; its symptoms and manifestations in the victims; the beliefs of the people about the disease at the time and how they tried to prevent it from spreading. Finally, the social, economic, political, ...

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towns along the Black Sea in 1347 and was spread west along trade routes mainly by Venetian and Genoese sailors. From Pisa, where it had arrived early in 1348, it traveled to Florence and then on to Rome and Bologna; from Venice it moved into southern Germany and Austria; and from Genoa it crossed the Tyrhennian Sea to Barcelona in Spain and Marseilles in France. It continued through the towns of southern France, reaching Paris by early June 1348. From there the contagion spread to England by late June 1348 and the Low Countries by the summer of 1349. Some parts of Europe such as Central Germany and Eastern Europe remained free of the epidemic during the period (1347-1351)--mainly due to their relative isolation. Among the major cities, the Italian town of Milan was less affected as the lord of the city had ordered that the gates of the city be closed to travelers from plague-hit areas.

How was the Disease Spread?

In the 14th century, very little was known about the cause ...

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the temperature begins to fall in about five days, and becomes normal in about two weeks. If left untreated, death occurs in about four days.
In 'pneumonic plague,' the respiratory tract is the primarily affected. The sputum is at first slimy and tinted with blood and later becomes free-flowing and bright red. Death occurs in most cases two or three days after the first appearance of symptoms. In 'septicemic plague,' the victim has a sudden onset of high fever and his skin color turns deep purple within hours--often dying within the same day. The purple color of plague victims which occurs during their last hours due to respiratory failure is, perhaps, one of the reasons for the ...

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The Black Death and Its Effects On Europe. (2016, May 7). Retrieved November 27, 2021, from
"The Black Death and Its Effects On Europe.", 7 May. 2016. Web. 27 Nov. 2021. <>
"The Black Death and Its Effects On Europe." May 7, 2016. Accessed November 27, 2021.
"The Black Death and Its Effects On Europe." May 7, 2016. Accessed November 27, 2021.
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Added: 5/7/2016 04:11:43 AM
Category: Diseases & Disorders
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1439
Pages: 6

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