Treatment And The Sex Offender



by Brent M. Pergram, Masters of Arts in Sociology
The Martinson Report of the early 1970’s, said that rehabilitative efforts or treatment programs in general had failed to reduce recidivism. The Report led those in control of government and the criminal justice system to say that rehabilitation does not work, and therefore
focus on deterrence and punishment of offenders. Martinson’s study of 231 treatment studies measured offender improvement in various areas, but recidivism is the issue here. Martinson
says “With few and isolated exceptions, the rehabilitative efforts that have been reported so far have had no appreciable effect on recidivism” (p.292).
Martinson says that education ...

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did show improvement in attitudes of offenders, but since it did not include information on recidivism it was discounted.
Martinson is criticized because the counseling programs may not seem to work because of the institutional environment outside the program. Martinson says that even in institutional environments that control every part of the offenders environment and treatment, did show a reduction in recidivism for one year. But he says the effects of such treatment did not reduce recidivism any more than no treatment after two years. And it had no influence on reducing the recidivism rates of young offenders (Martinson, p.296).
Prisoners with less sentences were found to have a higher parole success rate than those with longer sentences, but did not deal with the issue of offender degree of risk (Martinson, p.299).
Martinson says that since these treatment programs in prison did not work, maybe rehabilitating offenders outside an institutional setting may ...

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crime has grown in strength and influence. Stundt et al (1998) article replicates a 1986 study by Cullen et al that explored attitudes toward correctional treatment. They found that public support for rehabilitation has declined , but that the public continues to view treatment as a legitimate correctional objective. A majority of the public now believes that the main emphasis of prisons should be to punish offenders or protect society. But the majority of the public still favors expanding rehabilitation programs. In terms of early release from prison for good behavior and participation in educational and work programs, half of the public opposes early release. Also 40% of the ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 12/7/2006 05:59:40 PM
Category: Political Science
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 11362
Pages: 42

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