Type II Diabetes


Diabetes is a disease that effects many people all over the world. There are two types of diabetes, Type I and Type II. Both types of diabetes are caused by a break down in the normal process of insulin production and usage. Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas that is used in the cells to take in sugar (Semple, 13). Insulin was first found in 1921 (Semple, 24). In Type I diabetes, the pancreas does not make insulin while in Type II, the pancreas makes insulin but the cells don't know how to use it. Because of the difference in the two types, Type I patients need insulin injections while Type II patients do not. Type II is more common than Type I as between 80 and 85 percent of ...

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not a hereditary disorder. I concluded that Type II is hereditary because all the newer sources support that fact. In my source from the Ames Center for Diabetes Center (written in 1995) Jackson and Weir stated that the gene, or genes, responsible for the most common kinds of remain a mystery. Scientists at Joslin Diabetes Center have identified one gene that may contribute to the development of Type II. Recently, scientists have found two genes that can cause some forms of diabetes. Defects in the genes can cause a variation in the kind of diabetes. Usually the disease is not shown until they are over forty. These two genes can cause children to get Type II. The researchers aren't certain why the genes can vary the type of diabetes as they do (Editorial, 26). Type II may also be caused by obesity, lack of exercise, stress, race, or a viral infection that attacks the pancreas or beta cells.
Several symptoms accompany people that have . The symptoms include: Fatigue, due ...

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done when they were younger. The final and most accurate way to test is to get a glucose tolerance test. This test involves the doctor giving the patient a drink filled with a pre-measured amount of glucose. After a certain amount of time, the doctor will do a normal blood test to see if the amount of glucose has changed. If they find out that the glucose was used, they aren't diabetic because their cells were able to use some glucose. If the level hasn't changed, that means their body can't use glucose properly.
Several problems may occur once someone has . The major problem is that your beta cells still produce insulin. Unfortunately, the cells in the body just don't know how ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 3/12/2007 08:01:39 PM
Category: Health & Medicine
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1512
Pages: 6

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