How World War 1 and Its Aftermath Led To World War 2

The causes of World War II had their roots in the aftermath of World War I. World War I did not settle the issues that had led to it, and added new tensions among and within many countries.

POLITICS

At the end of World War I, Europe saw major political changes. Paradoxically, it led to a rise in both republics and dictatorships. Before World War I, Europe's countries had only three republics but 19 monarchies. Within a few years of World War I's end, there were 2 monarchies left, and 14 republics (Author not given, 2003). In Russia, the monarchy was overthrown for a Communist government.

HARSH PEACE TREATY

The Treaty of Versailles, signed in 1919, created a climate that ...

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(Author not given, 2003).
The Treaty forced Germany to accept responsibility for the war and required them to pay reparations they were ill-prepared to pay (Author not given, 2003). The size of Germany shrank while Italy and France grew. The Weimar Republic, the 1918 German government, was unpopular and was not able to control the country (Author not given, 2003). The standing army was reduced greatly, wounding Germany's pride (Author not given, 2004). Many ex-soldiers joined a secret army, the Freicorps (Author not given, 2003). All these things raised feelings in Germany that they had been greatly wronged by the other countries (Author not given, 2004).

ECONOMIC FALLOUT

All of Europe suffered economic hardships after World War I, but Germany especially so. Its foreign colonies were given to other countries (Author not given, 2004). All the European countries suffered great inflation because they simply printed more money to try to cover their debts, many of those debts ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 8/10/2017 06:06:59 PM
Category: World History
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 696
Pages: 3

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