Organic Compounds


Chemists observed that there were two types of substances. Those
from non-living matter and those from living matter. They were classified
into two categories which include inorganic substances and organic
substances. Many similar properties were observed by the Chemists. Most
inorganic substances were observed to change very little, if any, when
heated. Also, organic substances were thought to be produced only by
living organisms.
Later in time organic substances were studied in greater detail.
Chemists learned that nearly all organic compounds are made of chains and
rings of carbon atoms. Chemists then learned to synthesize some simple
organic compounds directly from inorganic ...

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If the atoms are linked in rings, the compounds are called
cyclic compounds. (pg.581, ...ibid...)

(Biology Pamphlet)

In terms of naming organic compounds the number of carbon-carbon
chains are named using the prefixes below:

meth- 1 carbon
eth- 2
prop- 3
but- 4
pent- 5
hex- 6
hept- 7
oct- 8
non- 9
dec- 10

The simplest group of hydrocarbons is the alkanes. The carbon atom
in these hydrocarbons is always saturated with hydrogen atoms. The first
three members of the alkane family are methane - CH , ethane C H , and
propane - C H . After butane the members of the alkane series are named
using the Greek or Latin prefix for the numbering of carbon atoms.
(pg.580...ibid...) Alkanes are named according to the longest chain and
not according to the total number of carbon atoms in the molecule. The
word ending characteristic of this family is -ane. ***The most ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 2/7/2005 08:19:47 PM
Category: Science & Nature
Type: Free Paper
Words: 1100
Pages: 4

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