Traffic Control: The Need For Change



As the population of the United States dramatically increases and the
number of vehicles on the nation's roads and highways skyrockets, new methods of
traffic control and organization have become necessary, by utilizing new methods
of transportation or by revising the current system. In the past 15 years, the
number of vehicles on American roads has increased 41.9%, the number of licensed
drivers has increased 29.3%, but the size of the general population has only
risen 15.9% (Clark 387-404). Between the years 1975 and 1985, the number of
miles driven by Americans rose 34.6%, but the number of miles of roads increased
by only 4.4% (Doan 64).
Cars and other vehicles are an enormous cost ...

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the number of traffic
accidents in the United States has slowly decreased over the past several years,
it is still alarmingly high. In 1990, approximately 7 deaths occurred for every
10,000 people in the United States due to traffic accidents (Wallich 14).
In addition, traffic jams also demonstrate the need for better methods
of traffic management. Due to both the increase of women in the work force and
the expansion of businesses to the suburbs, traffic jams have increased
dramatically over the past few years (Koepp 55). As a consequence of traffic
jams, the American population was delayed 722 million hours in 1985 (55),
costing the average citizen approximately $800 (Doan 64). In 1984, drivers,
while waiting in their cars during traffic jams, used three billion gallons of
gasoline (Koepp 55). This figure represents four percent of the total amount of
gasoline used during that year (55).
Highways themselves cause a large number of traffic jams in America
today. Of the 3.88 ...

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increase exists as one of the major reasons for the creation of the
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in 1970, the same year that the Clean Air
Act passed through Congress (Clark 387-404). As the number of automobiles kept
increasing, the emissions standards became more rigid in 1980, especially in
California (387-404). Governments even passed laws requiring large businesses to
provide better and more environmentally safe methods of transportation for their
employees (387-404).
Noise pollution from the large number of automobiles on the road also
contributes to the devastation of the environment. While traveling on the
nation's many expressways, one cannot avoid seeing ...

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Traffic Control: The Need For Change. (2006, October 20). Retrieved January 21, 2021, from http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Traffic-Control-The-Need-For-Change/54243
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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 10/20/2006 09:06:34 AM
Category: Social Issues
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 3508
Pages: 13

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