Transplants And Diabetes



Three Toronto scientists have developed an organ transplant procedure
that could, among its many benefits, reverse diabetes.
The procedure was developed by Bernard Leibel, Julio Martin and Walter
Zingg at the University of Toronto and the Hospital for Sick Children.

The story of their work began in 1978, when they delved into research
which had never before been tried. They wanted to determine if the
success rate of organ transplants would increase if the recipient was
injected with minute amounts of organ tissue prior to the transplant. The
intention was to adapt the recipient to the transplanted tissue and
thereby raise the threshold of rejection.

In the case of the ...

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from unrelated donors. Of the five treated animals, two
became clinically and biochemically permanently normal. Six months later,
Martin examined the cured rats and found intact, functioning islets
secreting all of their hormones, including insulin. None of the controls
were cured.

Encouraged by their first results, Leibel, Martin, and Zingg decided to
repeat the experiment with rats with much stronger immune barriers
(higher levels of rejection). Seven rats out of nine were cured. "We set
up a protocol and worked patiently with small numbers," says Leibel, "but
the results are indisputable."

In addition to reversing diabetes, there are two other benefits to the
pre-treatment procedure, according to the scientists. The first is that
the pancreas produces all the other hormones of a normal pancreas, not
just insulin. The second benefit is that the transplant recipient doesn't
have to take immunosuppressive drugs, which are so toxic for diabetics.
At present, diabetics who ...

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Transplants And Diabetes. (2005, May 7). Retrieved January 27, 2021, from http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Transplants-And-Diabetes/26550
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"Transplants And Diabetes." Essayworld.com. May 7, 2005. Accessed January 27, 2021. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Transplants-And-Diabetes/26550.
"Transplants And Diabetes." Essayworld.com. May 7, 2005. Accessed January 27, 2021. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Transplants-And-Diabetes/26550.
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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 5/7/2005 09:42:45 PM
Category: Health & Medicine
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 417
Pages: 2

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